Kirtland Temple
A National Historic Landmark

Emma in Harmony

Born 10 July 1804 in Harmony, Pennsylvania, Emma Hale was the seventh of nine children raised by Elizabeth and Isaac Hale. Elizabeth Lewis Hale encouraged Emma to obtain an education, beginning in a new log schoolhouse in Harmony and continuing at an all girls' school for an additional year. According to Valeen Tippetts Avery and Linda King Newell in their biography Mormon Enigma, Emma returned to Harmony to teach, probably in the "same log structure where she sat as a wiggly child." [1]

"As a young woman, Emma was physically and emotionally strong, with a streak of independence. . .she attended the local Methodist Episcopal Church with her parents and sang the hymns in her lyric soprano voice." [2] A visitor to the Hale home described Emma as "fine looking, smart, [and] a good singer." [3]


[1] Linda King Newell and Valeen Tippetts Avery, Mormon Enigma: Emma Hale Smith (New York: Doubleday, 1984), 3-7.

[2] Ibid., 3-7.

[3] W. L. Hines statement in Arthur B. Demming, ed., Naked Truths About Mormonism, No. 1 (Oakland, Calif., January 1888). Quoted in Newell, Mormon Enigma, 18.




Kirtland Temple Mission Statement:
Engaging visitors in the legacy of the Kirtland Temple, embracing the sacred and secular significance of the historic site, and promoting religious tolerance and open dialogue among all people.

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